New Small Business Directory Release 2013-2014 Directory of Housing Authority Procurement Opportun

New Book Release: 2013-2014 Directory of Housing Authority Bidding / Procurement Opportunities and Vendor Applications, Volume 1, Edition 1

Use this Annual Directory to Apply for Often Untapped Housing Authority Small Business Contracts and Procurement Opportunities

Untapped Small Business Contracts

Housing authorities are a fertile source of contracts for smaller enterprises. Larger city and state contracting opportunities are often more visible and accessible by business entities; but there are a plethora of contracting opportunities with local housing authorities that often go untapped by small businesses.

Easy-to-Use Resource

This directory is an easy-to-use, one-of-a-kind, resource tool for small business owners seeking to grow their companies by doing business with housing authorities across the United States.

Receive Bid Solicitations as Soon as they Become Available

By using the Housing Authority Directory, small business owners can click and apply to receive bid solicitations and procurement opportunities in their regions as soon as they become available by housing authorities. They can also seamlessly click and complete vendor packages online without having to do the research to find and sort out contracting opportunities.

What’s Included in Housing Authority Directory

The 2013-2014 Directory of Housing Authority Bidding / Procurement Opportunities & Vendor Applications, States A-F, Volume 1, Edition 1, includes the following:

— Direct links to housing authority procurement applications.
— RFP and Bid Solicitation Requests for several housing authorities, complete with bidding deadlines.
— Housing authority contact information, including street and website addresses.
— Direct links to small business vendor packages in several states.
— Procurement contacts, including point-of-contact names, addresses, telephone numbers, fax lines, and email addresses.

Get started quickly and easily today. See the 2013-2014 Directory of Housing Authority Bidding / Procurement Opportunities and Vendor Applications, Volume 1, Edition 1, at , for an easy-to-use resource for registering your business and finding contracting opportunities in housing authorities.


Cassandra Black is the author of the Directory of Housing Authority Bidding / Procurement Opportunities and Vendor Applications available via Amazon, Barnes and Noble and Stone Cottage Books, the Master List of Property Preservation Companies Directory, 3rd Edition, and other small business publications.


Small Business Computer Consulting Appropriately Setting Your Rates

In small business computer consulting, $100 an hour can be a reasonable and livable rate. Why can setting your rates at $100 an hour make all the difference in the world?

Take the $100 an hour and multiply it by 1,500 hours a year. This is reflecting a 75% utilization rate; or 75% of a typical forty hour work week as billable time. Now youre at $150,000 a year gross.

Salary and Affordability

As a small business computer consulting firm, you will want to take a third of the gross and plow it into sales and marketing. Therefore you can afford a $40,000 base salary for your sales account executive. So, of that one third of your gross small business computer consulting income, $40,000 can go to the base salary and $10,000 can go to related marketing expenses.

Additionally, one third will take care of taxes, insurance and overhead items for the most part, and you have a third of it or $50,000 left to pay a technical staff salary.

Surpassing $100 an Hour

You may be considering exceeding a rate of $100 an hour for your small business computer consulting firm. At that point, you can hit what we call the not-so-imaginary-hourly-billing-rate ceiling.

Needless to say, if your small business computer consulting clients are paying $110 to $125 an hour, it gets even easier to be able to afford really bright, motivated, highly qualified sales and technical staff.

Higher Rates Equal Bigger Businesses

However, if you want to charge above $100 an hour in your small business computer consulting firm, youll almost always need to move above and beyond sweet spot small business clients into really large small businesses, medium size businesses and enterprise-sized accounts that require a different business model and technical skill set.

Once you do that, youre going to be operating under a completely different type of business model. And you will need even more polished and seasoned salespeople to be able to handle those accounts.

Copyright MMI-MMVI, Computer Consultants Secrets. All Worldwide Rights Reserved. {Attention Publishers: Live hyperlink in author resource box required for copyright compliance}


Loan Modification Document Checklist

Home loan modification may be the best way to get out of delinquency and save your home. But promising as it is, a loan modification can only work if you do your part in the process. Reports from major lenders show that most loan modifications fail because people don’t comply with the requirements, particularly when it comes to paperwork. It may seem like a big task, but it’s not as complicated as it seems – and it’s always worth the effort to save your home.

Your home loan modification attorney can help you gather the documents you need to complete your application. To help you get started, here’s a list of loan modification documents required by most major lenders.

Hardship letter This is basically a letter explaining the circumstances of your default and how you have recovered. Make sure every claim can be backed up with solid evidence such as bank records, and don’t exaggerate or play down details. Your home loan modification attorney can help you draft your letter to meet your lender’s standards. Most lenders also require a photo ID and a copy of your social security card.

Proof of income Steady income is one of the main requirements for a home loan modification. Your bank will want to see proof that you’ll be able to make your payments once the loan is modified. The general requirement is two months’ worth of pay stubs and tax returns for the last two years, or if you’re self-employed, your latest IRS filing plus proof of two months’ worth of income. If you’re getting child support, pension, or other sources of income, you’ll need to provide proof of these as well.

Financial status Your bank will want to know how your current finances are, and whether you have assets other than your home. Provide bank statements from your current accounts, including checking and savings. If applicable, you can also submit statements from your 401(K), profit sharing plan, IRA, or retirement account. Investment accounts such as stocks and bonds can also serve as proof of assets. Your home loan modification attorney can help you determine which ones will be most valuable in your case.

Mortgage documents Most lenders will ask for your latest mortgage statement, as well as any recent correspondence you have received from them. If your mortgage payment doesn’t include insurance and taxes, you may need to provide these statements as well.

Other bills Not all lenders will require utility bills such as gas, electricity, phone and water, but it won’t hurt to put in some as well. These will give your bank an idea of your monthly expenditure, which in turn helps them find a suitable home loan modification plan. Other useful documents include garbage pickup bills, home insurance policies, and homeowners’ association dues.


Car Finance Sydney

A car is the most convenient tool of transportation and plays an important role in one’s daily life. You may choose to buy a car by paying the full amount yourself or by getting the car financed by a bank or any other financing institution. The majority of car buyers opt for car finance in Sydney every year.

In case you opt for car finance, it becomes very important for you to conduct proper research before signing the car finance contract. There is a wide range of options available for car finance in Sydney. Before finalizing your car loan, it is wise to spend considerable time in making sure that the interest rate you are being offered and all the terms and conditions of car finance by any Sydney based lending institution suit you.

The most common mistake that Sydney car finance customers generally commit is that they confide themselves to the terms and conditions of a loan. Pondering over the repayment scheme of your car loan is well worth the time. The other issue of car finance in Sydney is that only a few people spend time comparing interest rates on car loans. Only those who make such car finance comparisons realize how the rates can vary and how beneficial comparing interest rates exercise actually is. These are the people who are not able to save considerable amount of money but also get the best car finance deals in Sydney.

While in Sydney, car finance is quite popular amongst the first time car buyers, it is a surprise to most people seeking car finance in Sydney to know the amount of money they can save over the loan period when they opt for a car loan that comes with slightly lower interest rates. Therefore, we recommend conducting a thorough comparison of car finance options in Sydney before visiting any car dealer to identify the best car finance in Sydney tailored to suit your budget.

One will also come across many car dealers who offer their customers in-house car finance in Sydney. These car dealers are known to tempt their potential customers to purchase their new car quickly through easy car finance schemes in Sydney. However, we recommend caution when shopping for car finance in Sydney, particularly through the car dealers as in general, car finance offered by car dealers come with higher interest rates and as such, may not be the best car finance in Sydney.


Are You an Entrepreneur in Employee’s Clothing

There are a lot of people out there who hate doing what they do. Even you may be just another one of them. This general dissatisfaction in having to work hard only to watch other grow rapidly up the stairs of social status leaning on your shoulders whereas you yourself are left behind has led to the emergence of a whole new breed of entrepreneurs. These people dont settle for what they have but they thrive on their quest for the best that they can themselves achieve. Not many people realize that the internet has more to offers than meets the eye. Even now, a lot of people still want to stick to regular day jobs in hope that this gives them some sort of assurance or security. Unlike these people, many have actually realized the potential of the internet in making things happen.

Any good internet entrepreneur will make a killing out of a zilch of an investment to start with. Not to mention, the convenience and comforts that you present yourself with once you be have your own internet business.

Many people feel it is life changing and requires a lot of your investment in order to become an entrepreneur. That is absolutely true. However, the kind of investment that you are needed to make varies a lot nowadays as compared to conventional views. Entrepreneurs on the internet deal I a lot of unconventional things. Investment is a necessity to the starting up of any business. But for an internet business, all you need to invest in is your own hard work and as much time as you can spend. Signing up a few forms here and there to having your own website for promoting various products or even selling them to offering a service that you excel in personally; no matter what your forte is, you are destined to enjoy being able to be your own boss.

Even when you have a job on the internet you can still be as much an entrepreneur as anyone else on the internet. The kind of jobs available over the internet include affiliate marketing, revenue sharing affiliate marketing, blogging and even posting your views and reviews on social networks and reviewing web sites. In each of these cases you will not be working under the orders of any kind of bosses. You shall be paid for what you work and what your work generates as revenue. In most cases your designation will not be that of an employee; rather you will be referred to as a partner. The internet has really unleashed all kind of opportunities and avenues to soar your earnings. So, if you are one of those who as tired of working to see your boss make profits, the internet awaits you.



Benefits of an Entrepreneur MBA with a Real World Focus

Schools that focus on the real world aspects of business tend to offer their students certain advantages that they might not be able to get anywhere else, and this might just assist them in becoming the best entrepreneurs that they can be. An entrepreneur MBA might outline some of the most imperative facets of business and instruct students on what they need to know to handle many of the challenges they will face as they enter into the business world, but will it give students the best chances of competing with those that have more experience? In order to have a fighting chance of beating the competition, students need to be taught what the more experienced professionals already know, and so the focus needs to be placed on real world facets of this industry.

1.Deal With Real Problems

Businesses that learn from the mistakes of others tend to struggle less when it comes to finding success, but those that have to find their way through trial and error could end up falling by the wayside at any point. A school that teaches students how to deal with the challenges that are constantly arising within the world of business is usually one that provides them with the tools that they need to succeed.

2.Shape New and Creative Business Models

The professional world has altered the traditional business model over and over again, and what used to work well is now outdated. One of the exciting facets of this business is the fact that individuals from all spheres can contribute to new developments; all it takes is some creativity and the willingness to learn from what others have accomplished.

3.Keep Up With The Evolution Of Business

Due to the constant evolution of this industry, it is imperative that professionals who are choosing to enter into this field understand the need to keep up with the pace. The world of business is fiercely competitive, and the right entrepreneur MBA can show a student how to go about giving themselves the best chances of turning their dreams into a reality, even when faced with so many challenges. From the moment a student becomes a graduate, they will need to begin dealing with the realities of the professional world, and this is precisely why it is beneficial to sign up for a course that focuses on these facets of any industry where business plays a key role.

For more information with Entrepreneur MBA, please visit us on our website.


Foddie Entrepreneur

Thinking of food all the time? So now make it your business!

Food joints are loved by all and have an ever rising demand if quality is not compromised. You may choose to start up with a couple of offerings like beverages and snacks and later on tread into being a bakery and concessionary shop.

Perhaps the easiest of all food joint-offerings is beverages. Scores of soft drink concentrates are available to choose from. From refreshing lemon to tangy orange these soft drink concentrates can be mixed with water or plain soda and served chilled. Invigorating roasted cumin concentrate is a delight in the scorching summers. Fruit flavored soft drinks garnished well not only quench the thirsty throat but also sooth the sore eyes. All you have to do is mix them up in the right quality and serve!

Instant fruit drink powder is a wonderful piece in your kitchen. Blend it with seasonal fruits or canned fruits, garnish it well and serve to quench the thirst of your clients. Canned fruit pulp is another option for beverage. Add the right amount of water or milk and you have a thick shake to serve. If the location of your food joint is blessed with plenty of seasonal fruits then serving fresh juices would prove to be more cost effective. Having the fruit juice extraction machine in an open space where the clients can see their glass being filled will be admired by them. This will demonstrate them of your hygiene standards and quality.

Flavored milk shakes are another popular offering at food joints. Chocolate and strawberry are the most common ones. You can try lots of new flavors by adding flavoring agents. Throw in some crushed nuts, fruit pieces or chocolate chunks to make new milk shake flavor each month.

Beverages are best served with crunchy wafers or biscuits. Bake them in-house or order them from a supplier simply make sure they are fresh. A platter of assorted biscuits coupled with a tasteful strawberry shake is the choice over a long conversation.

Jelly can be another interesting offering at your food joint. Just buy some jelly crystals and make jelly of distinctive shapes. Children will surely be fond of these jellies. Also jelly pieces can be mixed with milk shake for a fruity flavor.

You can find suitable vendors for all your requirements at the B2B portals over the internet. Choose your vender wisely and watch your business grow.



Heaps of inactive money, a curse to the society

Cyber crime is not something what we hear occasionally these days. Cyber crimes are increasing everyday in different parts of the globe.

Especially from certain parts of Nigeria and Amsterdam the amount of bad men involved in this computer crime activates are found to be abundant. They claim to possess hefty money and gold under their custody in security companies and would well want to get them released through you, due to their miserable plight at present. The story is made in such a splendid way that one would seriously appreciate the ways they have made their requests and proposals.

Moreover you will find a standard address of the security company, logo with papers and documents and credentials about the consignment in stake, everything else is produced in front of you. They give reliable telephone numbers to contact as well. All these fool proof evidences suggest that people certainly take risks to a certain extent in greed of availing some free money as part of the deal or commission. Lot of people have fallen victim to such a sort of Nigerian mail frauds in the recent past.

Drug courts are separately there intended to reduced the drug crimes and cut down the drug traffic. But how far they have done their part effectively is a challenging question. Amway is there in the market for almost 52 years. Their main way of progression is through the pyramid schemes, the multi level marketing plans. But same concept is wrongly utilized by thousands of companies all around the globe. Passing clouds gone past swindling enough amount of money. White collar crimes are no less as so many bank frauds have a strong correlation with them. Wire fraud and welfare fraud are not to be considered easy as well.

They swipe of huge amounts of money in no time. Wire frauds are to the tunes of billions and no less that that. 2G spectrum wire fraud is a good example for that. Where all these money do goes. The amount of money that lays idle in the Switzerland banks is something that is a curse to the whole mankind. There is no utility for this huge sum of money. Fundamental laws of finance and economics say that the real value for money just lies in its exchange.

Whereas in contrary to that when money is piled up like this in few particular destinations like this, without any use to anyone, there will always be a great imbalance in the society of the mankind.


Stop, Collaborate and Engage Small Business Communication Tools for Entrepreneurs to Navigate the Social Media Seas

Oldies but goodies…

The social media landscape has significantly changed the face of small business communication, but it does not mean previous technologies have been rendered useless. “Old” technologies, such as e-mail newsletters, instant messaging and message boards are still active and can still increase productivity (and sales!). Many entrepreneurs already have a strong understanding of these technologies and have probably used them in the past. Consider dusting off that old e-mail newsletter you belong to – you know, the one you haven’t read in 2 years – or do a quick search of what message boards are out there. You may be reminded of and surprised at how useful these seemingly out-of-date services can be.

Some you’ve probably heard of, but may not know the full power of…


LinkedIn has become the platform for business-focused social networking. By setting up a LinkedIn profile, users are able to post their work history and professional profiles for others to see. This tool presents opportunities for generating new business, reconnecting with old colleagues, and finding a job.

While many business users may have a LinkedIn profile, they may overlook the other small business communication tools LinkedIn provides. For example, LinkedIn Groups are a simple way to create an online forum where customers, prospects and industry insiders can exchange ideas. Similar to an e-mail newsletter, the Group allows invited LinkedIn users to interact with one another and for a company to communicate key messages. With some simple work on the front-end to get the group moving, an entrepreneur can then take a back-seat to let the patients run the asylum – while still maintaining his or her position as the group leader.


A wiki (rhymes with tricky) is a website that allows users to edit the content that is posted on the page; the trick to wikis is ensuring the edits are accurate. Wikipedia, for example, is an editable online encyclopedia in which users can edit the content. The reason the information remains accurate is Wikipedia has designated individuals to monitor updates.

From a business perspective, a wiki is a great small business communication tool for companies with geographically distributed offices or teams. Users can post a document or other materials on an internal wiki and allow a group to review and edit the material in one place. Beyond the team collaboration, the wiki also helps with “version control,” a problem that occurs when some users do not have the most up-to-date version of a document. Microsoft’s SharePoint offers companies the ability to make internal wikis, as well as discussion boards.

Some small business communication tools you may not have heard of…


Yammer is an enterprise microblogging service – think of it as Twitter for internal business communication. The service allows businesses to create their own internal communication channel and limit use to those who have a valid company e-mail address.


Skye Bank Western Union

To enable us meet and surpass the Money Transfer needs of our Customers, Skye Bank introduced the Western Union Money Transfer Service in 2005.

Western Union money transfer is an electronic funds transfer service that enables people send money from over 220 countries and 300,000 Western Union Agent locations around the World and receive them in our over 200 Skye Bank branches nation-wide.

We also have “Dedicated Centers” where only Western Union transactions are consummated. The bank’s dedicated centers are strategically located, catering to numerous Western Union customers within and without the localities.

The product is uniquely designed to allow both customers and non-customers of Skye bank to receive their funds at our branches. Nigeria is presently a receive-only country for Western Union Money transfer.

The success of Skye bank in the area of Service Delivery has endeared the bank to the teeming users of the product.

The bank is opened for Western Union business:

Monday to Friday: 8.00a.m. – 4.00p.m.
Saturday: 9.00a.m. – 3.00p.m. (For selected locations)
Sundays and Public Holidays: 10.00am – 2.00pm

Benefits of Collecting Western Union Transfers from Skye Bank
Our services are fast and efficient
We have over 200 branches and locations, making the service easily accessible to receivers nationwide
Security of transactions is guaranteed
Availability of Dollar Cash
Opportunities to win various gift items with repeated patronage
Currency conversion service through our Bureau de Change outlets nationwide, making our locations, a one-stop shop for Western Union customers.
Convenient opening hours
Procedure To Receive
The receiver goes to the nearest Skye bank location and completes a Money Receive Form
Receiver provides the following information
10 digit Money Transfer Control Number (MTCN)
Test Question and Test Answer
Receiver provides acceptable means of identification.
Any of the following means of identification are acceptable:
International Passport
Driver’s License
National Identity Card
Other secondary identification acceptable by Skye bank Plc
Further details on the product can be obtained at any of our locations nationwide.
You can also call our Western Union Customer Service Center on any of these lines;
234 1 2703090 or 234 1 8775732 or email us on


Entrepreneur Marketing Tips For Creating A Sales Pitch

Business marketing is a very important part of any business that wants to stir the attention of the right customers who would someday utilize the products or services of a company. A proper sales pitch is the core of any marketing portfolio because it brings in new customers and makes the old ones stay. One of the many purposes of business marketing is to make the customers feel that they have spent their money on a good investment, namely, your product.

The first thing that an entrepreneur should do when marketing his business is to create a meaningful company statement that can make an impact on its potential clients. Your company statement should target your potential customers’ situations so they’ll find it easy to relate to your company. This will also instill confidence in them since they now feel that they can trust your company and its products.

Customers are becoming very wise because of the number of competitions in the market to choose from. Creating a quality sales pitch will lend class, integrity and value to your products. So it is important that your pitch is the exact duplicate of what your company stands for and who is it functioning for. A weak sales pitch will not capture any attention and will only be a waste of money and effort.

The key to successfully market your business is to know how to highlight the advantages that your customers can benefit from your company. You need to place your customers in every angle of your sales pitch so they would feel they’re given importance. Not only should the sales pitch provide the benefits of the product but it should also describe how it can solve specific problems of the customers. To make an effective sales pitch, make it more about your customers and less about the product.


Sample letter for loan modification demystified

When you are faced with financial hardship and you want to write an effective letter for loan modification, there are some basic rules you need to abide with for your application to be accepted. I have drafted here a sample letter for loan modification. Start the letter by writing your name, loan number, contact address, phone number, and may be your email address. Then in the body of the letter: To Whom It May Concern I’m writing this hardship letter to you in order to explain the reasons behind my requesting for a loan modification on my mortgage payments. I made my last payment just before August last year, since then I was not able to make any other payment on my monthly mortgage, reason is because of my husband terminal illness with gulp huge amount of money from our treasury since then it become increasingly difficult for me to handle alone. I am requesting for an interest reduction down to YX% from my current XX%. I feel it is a fair percentage for you, and this will be within my means. Prior to husband illness, both of us have been making enough to carter for our mortgage. Even when our interest rate rose to XX% we had no difficulty paying it. However, since the illness, I was left with half of the monthly income I had before. I had been pulling together enough to pay the bills and mortgage by pulling from our savings and the small amount of life insurance I received, but I can not cope for now that is why I requested for loan modification option from you. Without you lowering my interest rate, I won’t be able to afford the monthly payments. I have to make a choice between a loan modification and a foreclosure. I prefer the former far better than the later, and you probably would as well. YX% is the most I can afford now, even if I cut all of my expenses out of the picture. Please consider my application seriously and I hope to hear more from you on this matter soonest. Sincerely, Your Name (with date) You will notice that this letter is simple but straight to the point, it explain the circumstances of the loan seeker and her ideal interest rate based on her present income, she also showcase seriousness, she also let the lender know she would like to still maintain her home, the letter also pleads a good case for the lender, your lender must be aware of your choice between modification and foreclosure, although your lender may lose money on loan modification but it can not be compared with foreclosure, if you get all your facts, numbers and story straight you can put up a compelling hardship letter. Further more, for essential tips and facts on how to get quicker approval on your loan modification, I have done some research on this for you, visit for updated information.


Financial Prosperity God’s Way

Financial Prosperity

Like so many people on the internet I have tried a number of ways of making “big” money on the web and yes, I have made at least one bad investment. There is more than one money making formula out there. Some formulas are good and some not so good. God knows more than a little about financial prosperity and He desires the Christian to prosper. However, God wants the Christian to prosper His way.

Formula to a Relationship

God desires that instead of looking to a formula, the Christian should look to Him and not to a formula. God wants you to shift your allegiance from a money making formula to a deep relationship with Him and then you will prosper the best way. Are you seeking to know God intimately and have a deep relationship with Him? He says in Matthew 6:33, “But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.”

The Financial Prosperity Revelation

God gave me a revelation of Matthew 6:33 and showed me if I would seek Him and put His agenda first place in my life then my prosperity would be manifested. Seeking God is the best investment in your destiny.

In Hebrews 11:6b He states, “He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.”

“Delight thyself also in the Lord; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart” (Psalm 37:4 KJV).

Serve God or Money?

Remember what is stated in Matthew 6:24 of the Living Bible, “You cannot serve two masters: God and money. For you will hate one and love the other, or else the other way around.”

Seek and love God with all your heart and get involved with His program. Good investment. He has just the formula for your success: a deep relationship with Him which will unfold the glorious destiny He has for your life. And that destiny does include prosperity.

But what if you refuse to do the will of God? Here is your answer: “Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven” (Matthew 7:21 KJV).

Like a closer walk with God?

Click “Closer Walk” below for FREE eBook.


New Regulatory Body Set To Transform Britains Wine Investment Industry

NFIB and WIA to Provide Better Protection for Wine Investors

Millions of Britons enjoy drinking it and many now see it as a long-term investment. Unfortunately, fine wine has also become a focus for fraudsters who trick investors into buying wines or vineyards that bear little resemblance to what they see in the prospectus, or may not even exist. The increasing number of such rorts in Britain has led to calls for action to be taken to protect investors and to increase consumer confidence in fine wines. In the upshot, the UKs National Fraud Intelligence Bureau (NFIB) is joining forces with the newly-formed Wine Investment Association (WIA) to tackle the problem.

On 14 February 2013, the NFIB and the WIA jointly announced the launch of the new self-regulatory body which will aim to transform the growing wine investment industry by providing better protection for investors in the UK. The WIA has been formed by leading figures from the fine wine investment industry and seeks to support the sector’s growth through voluntary regulation, establishing best practices and setting up processes to identify fraudulent activity.

Director of the NFIB, Det. Supt. Dave Clark, said: “Fraudsters will always follow the money, wine investment is just the latest in a long line of investment opportunities that are being exploited and corrupted to the detriment of the industry as a whole. He added that the NFIB sees the creation of an auditable framework of self-regulation as a step towards maintaining and increasing consumer confidence, while also identifying investment companies which do not operate in accordance with the required high standards.

New Code to Tackle Wine Investment Frauds

Following an extensive consultation period, the WIA has set out the standards and procedures with which its members must comply to remain in good standing. Under the new code of conduct to be drawn up, wine investment firms will undergo stringent audits by accountancy firm Mazars. These will include checks on systems such as stock rotation and to make sure that purchase orders and invoices tally. The director of the WIA, Peter Shakeshaft, revealed that companies which successfully complete the independent audit process commissioned by the newly-formed regulatory body will bear a WIA logo offering consumers a trustworthy safety kitemark. Shakeshaft added: Our industry has been held back far too long by unscrupulous practitioners and issues around fraud. The WIA will really hold the industry to account.


Unit Trusts And Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.

Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.

Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.

Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.

The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.